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International Adoptions

 

International Adoptions | A General Overview of International Adoptions.

People around the world are looking outside of their own country’s boarders with increasing frequency for international adoptions. This is occurring for a number of reasons including, but of course not limited to:

• Many industrialized nations have greatly reduced birth rates causing a decrease in the number of children available for adoption.
• Many people are waiting until they are older before trying to conceive their first child when they often face fertility issues.
• Many single people and gays are pursuing parenthood.
• Many countries battle social issues and racism which limit the number of domestic interracial adoptions.
• Domestic adoptions are often a very long process.
• Domestic adoptions are considered by many to be less “predicatble”.
• Discomfort with the domestic process.

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China, Russia, Ukraine, Guatemala international adoptions – Each country offering adoption by foreigners has their own process and procedures to follow. This rather daunting legal process is what prompted the large number of international adoption agencies to offer their services assisting prospective parents with adoptions.

In most countries, for a children to be available for international adoptions, they must be considered an orphan or the child’s birth parent must have released the child permanently. Additionally, most countries where prospective parents live also must determine that the child is an orphan before the adoption can occur.

In international adoptions , a prospective parent should enlist the assistance of an adoption attorney if there is any question about the child’s orphan status.

International Adoptions require a great deal of paper work and background checks in the prospective parent’s home country and the country where the child resides. This process includes immigration and naturalization paperwork, background checks, criminal background checks, work history, and much more. International Adoptions also usually require a certain amount of training and certification by the prospective parents. This certification may include CPR and parenting classes.

There are also a number of medical and age requirements for international adoptions that vary by country. These requirements for international adoptions may include health, age and weight standards. The age standards often require parents to be of a certain age without being older than another.

International adoptions usually require some travel by the prospective parents although there are a few countries that use intermediaries to travel with the children.

International adoptions, like all events where money changes hands, are vulnerable to fraud. Reputable agencies working on international adoptions have a track record of successful adoptions and should be well researched before any money changes hands or paperwork is signed.

There are a few areas where fraud mainly occurs.
• Falsifying the health of the child.
• Falsifying the eligibility and existence of a child.
• Charging exorbitant fees.
• Child trafficking.

It is important to keep a level head throughout any international adoption. The emotional elements of international adoptions often leave prospective parents vulnerable to making ill-informed decisions.

In 1993, the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption was launched as a multi-lateral effort to protect children and birth parents from irreputable agents and child trafficking. Many countries have not yet signed the treaty including the U.S. which claims to be working toward ratification.

China’s population control policies mean that there are many children available for adoption. Poverty, a lack of opportunity and limited access to reproduction information result in a large number of children being available for adoption in many countries.

The growth of international adoptions throughout the world represent people becoming families. The spark of love that prompts prospective parents to work toward international adoptions blooms as the child “comes home”.

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